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baltic harbour porpoise

By on Dec 1, 2020 in Uncategorized |

Numerous species of small cetaceans live in the Baltic, Irish and North Seas and the North East Atlantic, including dolphins, whales and harbour porpoises. At CCB, we are now working together with authorities and stakeholders to look at suitable conservation measures for this area. Such mitigation measures could include, for example, fisheries regulations and limitations for shipping. Ensure stakeholder involvement and buy-in, Support and extend political interest for the protection of harbour porpoises and the new MPA, Monitor and evaluate the process and the project, Establishing CCB as a facilitator for stakeholder dialogue, Mapping of Swedish and Baltic Sea Region stakeholders, Bringing in legal and scientific expertise, Preparing draft proposals for management plans and fisheries regulations, Lobbying directed at politicians, ministry and agency staff, Dialogue with national representatives in other countries. The project could also show what areas are most important to porpoises during different seasons, and could thereby also show where the Baltic Sea harbour porpoise reproduce. Hunting – harbour porpoises are hunted off the coasts of both South Korea and Greenland as well as in several other countries around the world. Harbour porpoises are threatened by fisheries, since they can get caught and drown in fishing nets. It is not as large as its dolphin relatives, and rarely jumps over the surface like dolphins, so it is rather difficult to spot at sea. But many marine areas important for porpoises are without protection status. The only information came from reported observations collected by different national bodies and collected at the HELCOM harbour porpoise database. The level of noise in the oceans has increased significantly during the last decades, with noise from shipping, dredging, construction, leisure boats and jet skis. The primary threat to this species is by-catch in gillnet fisheries, but underwater noise from anthropogenic activities, environmental contaminants and ecosystem changes are also thought to affect the population status. There are three sub-species: one in he Pacific, one in the Atlantic and one in the Black Sea. Reported observations occur along the coasts, since this is where most people spend their time. The probability of gill nets for bycatch of harbour porpoise is reduced by 70%. With an effective management this area could be instrumental for the recovery of the Baltic Sea harbour porpoise. Also, if you spot a harbour porpoise at sea, please report it to your national reporting hub. The area is more than 1 million hectares, and includes most of the area where the Baltic Proper harbour porpoises are thought to give birth to their calves and mate in the summer. other donors:                € 64.100, https://www.facebook.com/coalitioncleanbaltic/?fref=ts, Restoring degraded peatlands in Słowiński National Park Poland (Peat Restore). To decrease the impact of underwater noise in especially sensitive areas we can. At a meeting of northern European nations held recently, the issue of the critically endangered harbour porpoise population in the Baltic Sea was discussed and debated. The target groups for objective 1 and 2 are the key players in the process, i.e. Whilst Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) cannot address all of these threats, they are generally considered important instruments in the protection of marine mammals such as porpoises. The target group for objective 3 is the general public and ultimately decision makers such as politicians, who are responsible for taking final decisions on the management of the area. For many years, protected areas for harbour porpoises have been discussed, and in December 2016 a large protected area for porpoises was designated in Swedish waters south of Gotland. With increased noise, porpoises have problems hearing the echoes from their own echolocation clicks, which makes it harder for them to find prey. He has clear marks of nets around his mouth, showing that he was caught and drowned in a fishing net before drifting ashore on one of the long sandy beaches on the Polish coast. The Baltic Proper harbour porpoise is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) by IUCN and HELCOM. The Harbour porpoise is one of the smallest whales with a length of about 150 cm and a weight of around 50 kgs. Because harbour porpoises use echolocation to orientate themselves, find prey and communicate, they are sensitive to underwater noise. After a significant decrease in numbers from the 1960’s and forward, in the beginning of the 21st century no one knew how many animals were left in the Baltic, despite surveys using different methods. However, for the MPA to have real effects on the status of the harbour porpoise population, measures to mitigate threats need to be specified in a management plan for this area. We hope that all Swedish parties, authorities, stakeholders and the public will join us in this effort to save the Baltic Sea harbour porpoise. From the early days of the Agreement, one population caused scientists, conservationists and governments special concern: the Baltic Harbour Porpoise. This can cause calves to loose their mothers, or females and males not finding eachother when it is time to mate. Sustainable Development in Coastal and Marine Areas, Harmful Installations and Maritime Transport, classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN, Decrease fishing effort with set nets in important areas, Switch set nets for alternative gear such as pots or traps, Use pingers on any set nets used. See www.porpoisedetectors.co.uk for some background information on harbour porpoises. To achieve this, SAMBAH aims to increase the awareness and knowledge about the Baltic Sea harbour porpoise, estimating population densities and total abundance. The results of SAMBAH allow countries to designate Natura 2000 areas for harbour porpoises in the Baltic Sea, to safeguard porpoises presence in their waters. The Baltic Sea harbour porpoise population is classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN. The aim is to celebrate the International Day of the Baltic Porpoise in May 2019 with a protected area, complete with effective management measures, where harbour porpoises can raise their young in peace. Instead, porpoises use echolocation clicks to “see” under water and to communicate with eachother. Their high frequency sounds travel only short distances under water, and with increased noise levels it becomes even shorter. The harbour porpoise is a small whale which actually lives in the Baltic Sea, but it is critically endangered. Genetic (Wiemann et al., 2010), morphometric (Galatius et al., 2012) and distributional studies (Sveegaard et al., 2015; SAMBAH, 2016a) indicate a separate harbour porpoise population in … During the second half of the 20thcentury, numbers of harbour porpoises have declined and the distribution range narrowed. The harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) is a small toothed whale which lives in the Baltic Sea. This is one of the primary reasons there are so few porpoises left in the Baltic Sea today. The nets with the highest risk if bycatch are large mesh nets used to catch for example cod and flatfish, as well as salmon nets. One, in the southwest Baltic Sea, is a known site, where a separate harbor porpoise population from the nearby Belt Sea goes to breed in the summer. conservation status of harbour porpoise in the Baltic Marine Region classified the status of the Baltic Proper porpoise as “unfavourable-bad“ for the three consecutive assessments under Article 17. Chemical pollution, anthropogenic noise, vessel strikes, and chemical pollution are also ongoing issues. It also becomes more difficult for porpoises to hear eachother. Without information on where the largest part of the population is, it is very difficult to take effective conservation measures. It was formerly infrequent in the English Channel and southern North Sea, but now appears to be returning to these areas. ABSTRACT: Harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena abundance in the Baltic Proper (BP) is at a level where measures for improving the status of this genetically and morphologically discrete population are urgently needed. Harbour porpoise are hunted in Greenland but targeted fisheries have ceased elsewhere. The Baltic Proper population is down to a few hundred individuals and is regarded as ‘Critically Endangered’ by IUCN; the more abundant Belt Sea population also appears to have experienced a severe decline. "When these harbour porpoises have disappeared from the inner Baltic, they are gone forever. Therefore, we investigated the first signs of sexual maturity for a period of almost two decades … To protect the porpoises here is very important to give the population a chance to recover. harbour porpoise… The harbour porpoise has a global population of at least 700,000. With only 500 animals left, the Baltic harbor porpoises have been declared critically endangered. The harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena is widespread throughout the cold and temperate seas of Europe, including the North Sea, the Skagerrak, Kattegat, Irish Sea, the seas west of Ireland and Scotland, northwards to Orkney and Shetland and off the coasts of Norway. This project will support the County Administrative Boards (CABs) in engaging stakeholders about implementing suitable mitigation measures through practical arrangement of meetings, funding travel for participants, supplying expert support when needed, and facilitating dialogue. With funding from the EU Life programme and the Baltic Sea Conservation foundation, CCB is now working with authorities and stakeholders to agree on suitable conservation measures for the harbour porpoises in the new Natura 2000 area south of Gotland. CCB information on Harbour porpoise is now updated and available in Estonian with latest scientific findings on how many there are in the Baltic Sea, where they are and more importantly where they go to mate and bring up the calves. The Baltic Sea harbour porpoise is a subpopulation, listed by the IUCN and HELCOM as “critically endangered”. For the Baltic Sea harbour porpoises to recover, we need more areas were these activities are restricted. Probability of detection of harbour porpoise in Summer (May-October) and Being killed as bycatch in fishing nets is the major threat for the animals, yet fishing is still permitted, even in Marine Protected Areas. The project, which started in 2010, was named SAMBAH, Static Acoustic Monitoring for the Baltic Sea Harbour Porpoise. The Baltic Sea subpopulation has been assessed by IUCN as Critically Endangered. The aim is for this support to result in management measures that are widely supported by stakeholders, increasing the chances of success. The fishers set half of their nets equipped with PALs, the other half of their nets without PALs as control. We need your help to convince the politicians that protecting the Baltic Proper harbour porpoise is important, so that they make the right decision about the management of this new Natura 2000 area. The study helped identify a large area around the offshore banks in the Baltic Proper thought to be an important breeding site for the Baltic Sea population. The most severe threat to harbour porpoises is bycatch in fisheries. During recent decades, the 2 distinct harbour porpoise populations of the Baltic Sea have decreased sharply in abundance. To gain more information, authorities and scientists from all EU countries around the Baltic Sea decided to start a common project using new acoustic methods to survey the distribution and abundance of harbour porpoises in the Baltic Sea. The highest densities are in the southwestern North Sea and oceans of mainland Denmark We hope that all Swedish parties, authorities and other stakeholders can agree to build on this new protected area and cooperate to take effective management measures to save the Baltic Sea harbour porpoise. Because porpoises need to get to the surface to breathe, they drown if they get caught in a fishing net. Based on the results from SAMBAH, in December 2016 the Swedish government designated a large Natura 2000 area south of Gotland. The Baltic harbour porpoise population is classified as critically endangered. The harbour porpoise is protected by the Habitats Directive. 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