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(1200-1450). These were France and the Holy Roman Empire. Each network led by a chief and villages which were closely together were grouped into loose federations. The Mongols, trade routes (especially ships, which were homes for rats), and caravanserai. This led to a new social hierarchy similar to other civilizations. This was enforced by a strong military. This demonstrates similarities in the processes of state formation from 1200-1450. Compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism. China's iron manufacturing in the 1200 rivaled Europe's in 1700. How did West Africa change from 1200-1450? Africa - State Formation. (1200-1450). (1200-1450). The Vijayanagara Empire and the Chola Kingdom. L. Explain the causes and consequences of political decentralization in Europe from c. 1200 to c. 1450. Chronology. How did Catholicism affect state building in Europe? Get the AP World History ULTIMATE REVIEW PACKET: https://www.ultimatereviewpacket.com/courses/world-history Need help on your AP … Who were the Sufi Muslims and what effect did they have? It was a way for the Roman Catholic Church to get its message across to the illiterate peasants. ... Unit 1: Learning Objective N: Explain the similarities and differences in the processes of state formation from c. 1200 to c. 1450. In the Trans-Saharan trade, what was produced in North Africa? What class started to rise from 1200-1450? What new religion was formed when Buddhism went into China? As the environments of North and South Africa varied so widely, they produced different goods, causing the incentive to trade. They created the largest land-based empire in world history. Which dynasty/religion had the best medical knowledge in the world? An increasingly commercialized China - goods were produced not for personal use but for use in foreign markets. Characterized by a decline in trade, intellectualism, and standard of living. city-state. What is an example of China's manufacturing capability? (1200-1450). Their conquests united the lands around the Silk Road and started the Pax Mongolica (Mongol Peace). A treaty signed by King John of England in 1215; it confirmed feudal rights against monarchical claims; represented principle of mutual limits and obligations between rulers and feudal aristocracy. The spread of champa rice from Vietnam to China (tribute system) and the spread of bananas to Bantu-speaking people of East Africa from Southeast Asia. How did European kings consolidate power from 1200 to 1450? One factor that fosters the development of a larger state during the period of 1200 to 1450 CE was the growth of trade. How did the Mongols revitalize trade on the Silk Road? What did merchants from Southeast Asia bring to Southeast Asia with them? (1200-1450). ... State formation and development demonstrated continuity, … Eastern half of the Roman Empire that survived the fall of the Western half - between 476 and 1,000, Europe was divided culturally and politically into tribal kingdoms that were constantly at war with one another for dominance. How were the trade routes similar? (1200-1450), The transformation of land in the form of "terrace farming. The Crusades - starting in the 12th century, the pope and the bishop urged Christians to fight to reclaim Jerusalem from the Muslims - guaranteed entry to heaven. What are two examples of the spread of agricultural products from 1200 to 1450? One reason was all of the differences between the two: Where did conversions primarily occur in Africa? It led to thriving trade and scholarship centers. What areas did the Trans-Saharan trade routes connect? (1200-1450). Throughout East Asia, the development of Neo-Confucianism solidified a cultural identity. Describe the intellectual relationship between people from the middle east. For example, one scientist wrote books on medicine that were translated into Latin and considered the best texts in Europe until the 17th century. M. Explain the effects of agriculture on social organization in Europe from c. 1200 to c. 1450. (1200-1450). Population, agricultural base, and manufacturing. What environmental consequence did the introduction of Champa Rice to China have? (1200-1450), Silk Roads: Luxury goods (ex. The development and spread of Islamic cultures. M. Explain the effects of agriculture on social organization in Europe from c. 1200 to c. 1450. On the Silk Roads, new forms of cred and money increased trade, such as Bills of Exchange. Song Dynasty - Meritocracy based on Confucian principles, strong bureaucracy, Mandate of Heaven. This is the currently selected item. They were Buddhists. Ghana, first of the great medieval trading empires of western Africa (fl. Sub-Saharan Africa? Large, flat-bottomed ships with 6 masts that could carry 500 men. As it was drought resistant, matured early, and had three harvests per year, food production was increased, leading to a population boom. For example Malaca was a state that got rich off taxing merchants passing through the Straight of Malaca. They were no longer the transmitters of culture and technology between peoples and empires. (1200-1450), As Buddhism spread, how did it change? (1200-1450), Islam united people with a shared belief and language (Arabic), Why was it easier for Jews and Christians within Muslim majority states to convert to Islam? GOV. power over time. (1200-1450). They controlled a vast territory across Afro-Eurasia increasing political stability and providing a safe environment that encouraged trade along the Silk Road. It killed up to 75% of populations. Islam, Judaism, Christianity, and the core beliefs and practices of these religions continued to shape societies in Africa and Asia. What areas did the Silk Roads connect? What what made the Song Dynasty the wealthiest empire on the planet? (1200-1450), Silk Roads: Buddhism from S. Asia to E. and SE. (1200-1450). (1200-1450). - In Cairo, Egypt, medical advances led to improved care in hospitals, triangular sail that made it possible to sail against the wind; used in the Indian Ocean trade. (1200-1450). More centralization than the Ghana Empire that preceded it. How did the Mali Empire increase their power? A religion in China which emphasizes the removal from society and to become one with nature. (1200-1450). Explain the effect of Chinese cultural traditions on East Asia over time. What was a continuity in southern Africa from 1200-1450? KC-3.2.I.B.i - State formation and development demonstrated continuity, innovation, and diversity, including the new Hindu and Buddhist states that emerged in South and Southeast Asia. AT THE VERY BOTTOM are all of the new topics added to the Period 1200-1450 … From AP Worldipedia. These were replaced by new imperial states including the Mongol Khanates. A king ruled the empire, with a powerful class of nobles and an agricultural economy. (1200-1450). What religions were brought to SE Asia and by whom? A rigid hierarchy with Kings, Nobles, Knights, Peasants and Serfs. A West African storyteller, remembering family stories. In China, why did paper money gain prominence? In Europe, workers gained more bargaining power as many people had died. (1200-1450). What culturally held Europe together from 1200 to 1450? (1200-1450). It justified the rule of the emperor and it led to the civil service exam and meritocracy. (1200-1450). This brought new innovations: What religion were kingdoms that had the most cultural influence? Both practices have had huge impacts on societies and governments who used them to unify society and maintain power over time. Also, it was diverse with a thriving Arab community. The second unit in AP WORLD HISTORY: MODERN is all about the inter-connectivity of the 1200-1450. The Church was the only unifying force during this period, Most infected people died within days, and the world population decreased drastically, Peasants evolved into serfs who were tied to their land, and powerful, wealthy lords owned their labor and fought for control with private armies, By the 1400s, European states developed into powerful monarchies, and kings in England and France asserted control over feudal lords, Japan attempted to copy China's centralized empire, but local clans maintained power, and instead a weak, hereditary monarchy developed, While emperors were symbolically in power, the true leadership of Japan lay in the hands of the shogun, or military general, who divided the land into units controlled by local military leaders. (1200-1450), Why did Hindus of the Delhi Sultanate resist converting to Islam? Could carry an enormous payload for trading. This was a Japanese form of feudalism, Several civilizations in the Americas were agricultural and decentralized, such as the Maya (Mexico, 300 - 900), who had independent city-states linked by trade, and the Aztec (1400 - 1521), who controlled independent city-states through tribute, West African kingdoms developed through trans-Saharan trade, as Muslim and North African merchants established commerce with the region, Ghana (c. 500 - 1200) grew into a powerful commercial center as it controlled trade in gold from the south, and received ivory, salt, slaves, horses, and cloth from other regions, Around 900, the kings converted to Islam, which improved relations and trade with Muslim merchants, Mali (1235 - c. 1450) honored Islam and controlled all trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, which gave emperors major power in the region, East African kingdoms became powerful through Indian Ocean trade, as Arabic merchants created Swahili city-states (the language Swahili was a blend of Bantu and Arabic), Zimbabwe (1200s) emerged as a powerful kingdom based on Islam and trade, Centralized empires continued to exist in China and the Americas, and bore many similarities to earlier states, Tang dynasty (China, 618 - 907) focused on scholars, and a new form of Confucianism (Neo-Confucianism) emerged, which combined Buddhist and Confucian ideas, Song dynasty (China, 960 - 1279) established a tribute system, where local nomads were paid with tributes to remain peaceful, Inca (South America, c. 1400 - 1540) conquered a 9,000-mile stretch of land with a capital at Cuzco. Similarities in State Formation c. 1200 - c. 1450. (1200-1450). Why was champa rice important for the Song Dynasty from 1200-1450? Because Chinese commerce was expanding rapidly and there was not enough precious metal to meet the demand for money. c. 1200-1450 After the fall of Classical Civilizations, new people, cultures, states, and religions emerged during the period 600-1450 CE. Europe was decentralized, with feudalism replacing the centralized structures that had once existed (Roman Empire). (1200-1450). Chinese, Persian, and Indian artisans and merchants expanded their production of textiles and porcelains for export, and in China, the manufacture of iron and steel increased. Diasporic communities were communities of merchants who introduced their cultural traditions into the indigenous cultures, and were affected by indigenous cultures. What Muslim states grew in power as the Abbasid caliphate lost power? The Mali Empire formed due to the inability to reestablish the Ghana Empire after attack, leaving multiple states to deal with the trade, mostly salt trade. THEMATIC FOCUS. Kings were able to increase their power, also, and this led to the Magna Carta. Where did Chinese merchants trade? (1200-1450). North Africa, Mediterranean Basin, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Newer form of Buddhism, more varied, incorporates ideas from other religions, others support is necessary to reach Nirvana; Spread to Japan, China, Tibet, and Korea. Had an effect of switching the allegiance of the people from the monarchs to the Church. They built an impressive army that imposed their fee on any ship passing through. c. 1200 to c. 1450.  As the Abbasid Caliphate fragmented, new Islamic political entities emerged, most of which were dominated by Turkic peoples. KC-3.2.I.B.i: State formation and development demonstrated continuity, innovation, and diversity, Historical Developments. The Buddha became a deity and there was an increased emphasis on compassionate works and the earning of merit. The seasonal wind in the Indian Ocean that facilitated Indian Ocean trade. What religion influenced Song China the most? 7th–13th century). A fusion of rational thought with Daoist and Buddhist beliefs that originated in China but spread to Korea and Japan. (1200-1450), - They all depended on large states (ex. State formation and peasant politics in Sweden, c. 1530-1680 (together with Mats Hallenberg) Håkan Jakobsson, PhD-student: Experts and Entrepreneurs in Early-Modern Sweden. However, around 1200, power began to convert back to the lords after the Magna Carta was signed. Spread of Islam. What areas did the Indian Ocean Trade Routes connect? Jump to navigation Jump to search. (1200-1450). How did the Inca improve and maintain their state? From 1200-1450, why were most of the philosophers, thinkers, and educators religousmen? Mali (1235 - c. 1450) honored Islam and controlled all trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, which gave emperors major power in the region East African kingdoms became powerful through Indian Ocean trade, as Arabic merchants created Swahili city-states (the language Swahili was a blend of Bantu and Arabic) In China, as paper money was printed, trade became easier. N. Explain the similarities and differences in the processes of state formation from c. 1200 to c. 1450. Confucianism (including filial piety and the subservient position of women) and Mahayana Buddhism. This led to the decline of local religions. The first two of the nine units in AP WORLD: MODERN are featured in this time period. Mahayana Buddhism was the most significant. (1200-1450), What did the implementation of the civil service exam do to the Song Dynasty? It shifted power from a hereditary form of aristocracy to a new class of scholarly leaders. A sect of Hinduism that believed in a personal relationship with a single Hindu god. Merchants who traveled to different places brought Islam with them. An example of this is their leader Mansa Musa. What was the big picture from 1200 to 1450? I am a teacher at Denham Springs High School in Denham Springs Louisiana. Many deities (originally, Buddhism was atheistic), veneration of relics, and multiple heavens and hells. 1. (1200-1450). As Islam thought highly of merchants, they were some of the most dominant players in the Afro-Eurasian trade network. Their vast empire also led to increased cross-cultural interactions, How did the role of nomadic pastoralists change in this time period? The Mit'a system, which mandated public service. (1200-1450), What kingdoms emerged out of sea-based trade routes? The Delhi Sultanate and the Mamluk Sultanate were of Turkic ethnicity, while the Abbasid Caliphate was of Arab ethnicity. Through the tribute system, which forced people to pay tribute in the form of goods or labor. Explain diasporic communities and list examples. Also, these new centralized powers led to a struggle between church (Roman Catholic Church) and state. Learning Objective. Rise of more powerful monarchs. In the Delhi Sultanate, people who wanted more opportunities and/or to avoid the Jizya converted to Islam (about 25%). Feudalism began to broke down, and centralized powers arose. What was the ethnicity of the Delhi Sultanate and Mamluk Sultanate, and how was this different from the Abbasid caliphate? Unit 1: The Global Tapestry 1200-1450. What was the importance of the Mongols from 1200 to 1450? As they are both native to India, they share many beliefs. ", A farming system that made previously unfarmable land, farmable by cutting steps into hillsides. When some kings threatened the Roman Catholic Church's control, what was one of the responses? (1200-1450). 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